With the development of the concept of sustainable development, duly incorporated in the United Nations report “Our Common Future” in 1987 and institutionalized at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, it became the term for ideal planning. The report states that sustainable development is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” The New Urban Agenda commits States to urban development that puts people at the centre and promotes the realization of all human rights and fundamental freedoms. He also called for an end to all forms of discrimination and violence and the empowerment of all individuals and communities, while allowing their full and meaningful participation. UN-Habitat advocates for the participation of urban dwellers in development decisions and planning outcomes that affect their daily lives, and has recently reaffirmed its views on the urban development paradigm, including: Strong regulatory frameworks must underpin all planning; A continuous dialogue between legislation, policy and planning is needed to ensure relevance, innovation and the ability to address cities` future challenges. Development and planning must adopt a clear and unambiguous rights-based approach; And local governments are an exciting entry point for change and should be encouraged to create enabling legislation. Urban planning, design and regulation of the use of space, with a focus on the physical fitness, economic functions and social impacts of the urban environment, as well as the location of various activities within it. Because urban planning is based on engineering, architectural, social and political concerns, it is a technical profession, a business that requires political will and public participation, and an academic discipline. Urban planning involves both the development of greenfield sites and the revitalization of existing neighbourhoods, taking into account goal setting, data collection and analysis, forecasting, design, strategic thinking and public consultation. Increasingly, geographic information system (GIS) technology is being used to map the existing urban system and predict the consequences of change.
By the end of the 20th century, the term sustainable development became an ideal outcome in the sum of all planning objectives. As advocated by the United Nations-sponsored World Commission on Environment and Development in Our Common Future (1987), sustainability refers to “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” While there is broad consensus on this overall goal, most important planning decisions involve trade-offs between lower-level goals and are therefore often conflicting. Urban planning is a profession that deals with the spatial use of land, which affects the physical, environmental, economic and social aspects of the urban and rural environment. Urban planners often have to set goals, collect data, perform analysis, make forecasts, design, think strategically, and involve the public in planning. The planning profession assesses the big picture and thus touches on architecture, geography, engineering, social sciences and law, trying to find the best solution for a city or municipality. The rapid growth of urban populations in the United States and around the world has made land use planning in general, and urban planning in particular, essential to maintaining healthy, orderly, prosperous and cohesive societies at the local, regional and national levels. Without the application of lessons learned over millennia of trial and error in urban planning and development, modern civilization as we know it would be difficult to sustain. Therefore, understanding how planning laws and regulations affect population management and growth contributes to social stability and the maintenance of law and order. When the United States gained independence, the federal and state governments had no planning laws. This was a time in American history when the concept of limited government was particularly strong, as was the idea that individuals without specifically enumerated governmental powers were free to exercise their property rights without interference. Municipal governments have generally refused to exercise the power to play an active role in urban planning, focusing instead on providing basic services such as police protection. However, it was police violence that eventually became the source of legal authority for urban planning: the duty of state and local governments to defend the health and well-being of their residents.
Some researchers suggest that urban planners around the world work in different “planning cultures” adapted to their local cities and cultures.  However, experts identified skills, abilities and basic knowledge common to urban planners across national and regional boundaries.    The creation, growth, and long-term success or failure of human communities depend heavily on how they use their lands. Throughout history, people who have practiced poor land management have suffered the consequences, including famine, disease, destruction of natural habitats, impoverishment, forced mass emigration and even social collapse. The “dust bowl” of the 1930s in the central United States and the continued devastation of tropical forests around the world in favor of slash-and-burn agriculture are two relatively recent examples of how short-sighted land-use policies or lack of land-use planning can have long-term negative effects on local quality of life. regional and global. Today, land use laws have evolved considerably since their inception, benefiting from the availability of more advanced technologies in the fields of engineering, construction, energy and medicine. Modern urban planning today is essential to maintaining a global population of over seven billion, with more than five hundred urban areas home to a million or more. Online translation of the legal term urbanplanning into Spanish: planificación urbana (English-Spanish translation). Learn more about the Legal Dictionary from English to Spanish online. While there was broad consensus that this involves the essence of planning, there has not always been support for its use. This was due in particular to the focus on expenditure and constraints that sustainability would entail. Moreover, limiting growth in order to prioritize sustainable development has not been attractive to policymakers. Evidence of planning has been found in the ruins of cities in China, India, Egypt, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean world, and South and Central America. Early examples of planned urban development efforts include orderly road networks that are straight and sometimes radial; division of a city into specialized functional districts; Development of dominant central sites for palaces, temples and municipal buildings; and advanced fixing, water supply and drainage systems.
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